Telaah Ilmiah dan Patologi Paparan Asap Rokok terhadap Penyakit Jantung

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September 27, 2022

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Meity Ardiana

Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Airlangga

Keywords:

Rokok, Patologi, Kesehatan jantung, Penyakit jantung, Kardiologi, Asap rokok

Synopsis

Asap rokok pasif adalah sebuah permasalahan kesehatan global yang menyebabkan lebih dari 41.000 kematian di seluruh dunia per tahunnya. Hal ini disebabkan oleh sejumlah penyakit mematikan yang dapat disebabkan oleh asap rokok pasif, antara lain penyakit jantung, kanker paru, serta stroke. Berbagai penelitian mengemukakan bahwa sedikit apapun paparan asap rokok, tetap dapat meningkatkan risiko penyakit jantung. Asap rokok mengandung sejumlah zat kimiawi seperti formaldehid, benzena, vinil klorida, amonia arsenik, hidrogen sianida, serta hingga sejumlah 7000 zat lain, di mana setidaknya 70 dari zat-zat tersebut memiliki sifat beracun serta karsinogenik. Zat-zat ini memicu sejumlah respons dari sistem-sistem jaringan dan dapat mengganggu fungsi organ tubuh. Bahaya paparan asap rokok dapat terjadi di mana saja, seperti tempat kerja, tempat umum, di rumah, hingga di kendaraan tertutup. Selain pada populasi dewasa, paparan asap rokok pasif juga sangat berdampak pada kesehatan populasi anak-anak dan dapat mengakibatkan peningkatan frekuensi sakit, infeksi paru, gejala-gejala pernapasan, serta infeksi lain seperti infeksi telinga pada anak.  Buku tentang efek paparan asap rokok ini ditulis sebagai referensi pembaca dalam memahami mekanisme patofisiologis asap rokok terhadap berbagai sistem tubuh terutama sistem kardiovaskuler, baik sebagai khazanah baru ilmu pengetahuan maupun sebagai rujukan pustaka dalam membuat karya ilmiah. Dalam buku ini akan dibahas pengaruh dan mekanisme kerja paparan asap rokok yang memicu sejumlah respons tubuh, seperti pada metabolisme, jaringan neuron, imunologis, dan terutama penyakit jantung. 

Author Biography

Meity Ardiana, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Airlangga

Dr. MEITY ARDIANA, dr., Sp.JP(K)., FIHA., FAsCC., FICA. Lahir di Surabaya, 3 Mei 1977 dan lulus pendidikan dokter di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga pada tahun 2003. Gelar Spesialis Jantung dan Pembuluh Darah diperoleh dari Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga pada tahun 2013. Selanjutnya pendidikan fellowship – konsultan bidang Preventif dan Rehabilitasi Kardiovaskular di RS Jantung Harapan Kita – Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia diselesaikan pada tahun 2016. Pada tahun 2020, penulis meraih gelar doktor Ilmu Kedokteran di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga. Saat ini di samping sebagai dosen, beliau juga sebagai Sekretaris Departemen Kardiologi dan Kedokteran Vaskular, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga. Penulis aktif dalam Pokja Prevensi dan Rehabilitasi Kardiovaskular – Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Kardiovaskular Indonesia (PERKI) , sebagai Fellow of Indonesian Heart Association dan Fellow of ASEAN College of Cardiology serta Fellow of the International College of Angiology.

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