Sistem Deteksi Radionuklida untuk Mendukung Traktat Pelarangan Uji Coba Nuklir

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December 7, 2022

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Susilo Widodo

Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional

DOI: https://doi.org/10.55981/brin.729

Keywords:

detektor, radiasi, radionuklida, metrologi radiasi, fisika inti, CTBT, radio-xenon, pemantauan lingkungan, Nuklir

Synopsis

Dalam orasi ini, akan disampaikan perkembangan detektor radiasi pengion dan pengembangan sistem deteksi yang bermuara pada sistem deteksi radiasi untuk mendukung rezim verifikasi traktat CTBT. Detektor sebagai komponen utama sistem deteksi radiasi akan diulas perkembangannya di Bab II. Capaian litbang sistem deteksi radiasi dan radionuklida akan diuraikan di Bab III, antara lain hasil-hasil pengembangan sistem deteksi radionuklida untuk laboratorium metrologi radiasi, sistem deteksi radiasi untuk libang fisika inti, dan sistem deteksi radionuklida untuk mendukung traktat CTBT. Orasi akan diakhiri dengan Kesimpulan (Bab IV) dan Penutup (Bab V).

Author Biography

Susilo Widodo, Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional

Menamatkan SD Negeri I Sentolo, Kulon Progo Yogyakarta tahun 1970, SMP Negeri I Sentolo, Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta tahun 1973, SMA Negeri I Yogyakarta tahun 1976. Memperoleh gelar bachelor of science (sarjana muda) pada tahun 1980, dan doctorandus pada tahun 1982 dari Jurusan Fisika, Fakultas Ilmu Pasti dan Ilmu Alam, Universitas Indonesia. Gelar master of engineering bidang kompetensi energy conversion engineering diperoleh pada tahun 1990 dari Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, dan doctor of engineering bidang kompetensi applied nuclear physics diperoleh pada tahun 1993 dari Faculty of Engineering, keduanya di Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Jepang.

Mengikuti beberapa pelatihan yang terkait dengan bidang kompetensinya, antara lain: Job Training on Radiation Safety and Standardization di KFA Juelich GmbH (1984–1985), Metodologi Riset (1985), IAEA Training of Trainers on Radiation Detection, BATAN, Jakarta (1995), Designing Competencies for Laboratory Personnel: ISO/IEC 17025:2005 Requirements, Agus Nurhadi Training Inc, Jakarta (2008), Training on Radiological Emergency Preparedness and Response, ANSTO, Sydney, Australia (2009), dan Training Course on Physical Protection and Security Management of Radioactive Sources, BATAN-ANSTO, Jakarta (2010). Selama penugasan di CTBTO mendapatkan pelatihan OSI Table Top Exercise I, Vienna, Austria (1999), OSI Experimental Advanced Course Related to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty, France (November 2001), OSI Field Experiment and Equipment Testing, Bratislava, Slovakia (September 2001), OSI Field Experiment, Semipalatinks Nuclear Test Site, Kazakhstan (September–Oktober 2002), dan OSI Directed Exercise 2005 (DE-05), Semipalatinks Nuclear Test Sites, Kazakhstan (Juli 2005), dan OSI Equipment Testing and Evaluatiion Exercise, Seibersdorf, Austria (2006).

Menghasilkan 72 karya tulis ilmiah (KTI), baik yang ditulis sendiri maupun bersama penulis lain dalam bentuk buku, jurnal, dan prosiding. Sebanyak 41 KTI ditulis dalam bahasa Inggris, dan 5 dalam bahasa Jepang.

Aktif dalam organisasi profesi ilmiah, yaitu anggota Asosiasi Proteksi Radiasi Indonesia (1981), anggota Himpunan Fisika Indonesia (1982), anggota The Atomic Energy Society of Japan (1988), anggota The Physical Society of Japan (1988), Ketua umum dan Sekjen Himpunan Masyarakat Nuklir Indonesia (1995), anggota Asosiasi Peneliti Kesehatan Indonesia (2012), anggota Himpunan Peneliti Indonesia (2019), dan anggotaHimpunan Periset Indonesia (2022).

Menerima tanda penghargaan Zircon Medal “Experimental Originality Award” pada tahun 1992 dari The Atomic Energy Society of Japan serta Satyalancana Karya Satya X pada tahun 1993, Satyalancana Karya Satya XX pada tahun 2010, dan Satyalancana Karya Satya XXX pada tahun 2011 dari Presiden Republik Indonesia.

References

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Hisamochi K, Iwamoto O, Kisanuki A, Budihardjo S, Widodo S, Nohtomi A, dkk. Hole strengths and spreading widths observed in 92Mo(pol.p,d)91Mo reaction at 65 MeV.

Nuclear Physics A. 1993; 564(2):227-251.

Uozumi Y, Iwamoto O, Widodo S, Nohtomi A, Sakae T, Matoba M, Nakano M., Maki T, and Koori N. Single-particle strengths measured with 48Ca(pol.d,p)49Ca reaction at 56 MeV. Nuclear Physics A. 1994; 576(1):123–137.

Matoba M, Yamaguchi K, Kurohmaru K, Iwamoto O, Widodo S, Nohtomi A, Uozumi Y, Sakae T, Koori N, Maki T, Nakano M. Depletion of the 2f7/2 neutron hole state in 207Pb. Phys. Rev. C 55. 1997; 3152–3154.

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UozumiY, Ijiri H, Widodo S, Sakae T, Matoba M, Koori N. Neon-based gas mixtures for proportional counters. J. Nucl. Sci. and Tech.1991;28(5):381–388.

Koori N, Nohtomi A, Yoshioka K, Sakae T, Matoba M, Uozumi Y, Widodo S. A Self-quenched Streamer Tube Operated with Ne- and He-mixtures. Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A. 1990;299(1–3):80–84.

Ijiri H, Watanabe Y, Uozumi Y, Nohtomi A, Widodo S, Sakae T, dkk. Generation of SQS in quenching Gas (CH4) of Proportional Counter and related problems. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. 1992;39(4):724–727.

Widodo S, Nohtomi A, Uozumi Y, Sakae T, Ijiri H, Koori N, Matoba M. Measurements of electron drift characteristics in single wire gas counter in self-quenching streamer transition region. Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology. 1992;29(8):745–752.

Nohtomi A, Hashimoto K, Widodo S, Uozumi Y, Sakae T, Matoba M, dkk. Significance of Ionization-track contribution to self-quenching streamer (SQS) formation induced by alpha-rays. Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology. 1992;29(5) :490–492.

Uozumi Y, Ijiri H, Widodo S, Sakae T, Koori N, Matoba M. Position sensing with Ne-based gases in the SQS transition region. Nucl. Inst. and Meth. A. 1990;299(1-3):102–104.

Widodo S, Nohtomi A, Sakae T, Matoba M, Ijiri H, Uozomi Y, dkk. Electron drift characteristic in single wire proportional counter and its applicability to simple vertical position monitor. Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology. 1991;28(4):339–343.

Charpak G, Bouclier R, Bressani T, Favier J, Zupancic C. The use of multiwire proportional counters to select and localize charged particles. Nucl. Instr. Meth. 1968;62: 262–268.

Widodo S. Study on the electron drift characteristics in position sensitive gas counters. Abstracts of 1992 AESJ Awards. Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology. 1993;30(4):373–386. DOI: 10.1080/18811248.1993.9734494.

PrepCom CTBTO. Operational manual for radionuclide monitoring and the international exchange of radionuclide data: draft. CTBT/WGB/TL-11,17/18/Rev.5; 10 Desember 2010.

PrepCom CTBTO. The CTBT noble gas verification component. CTBTO Spectrum 8; Juli 2006. https://www.ctbto.org/fileadmin/content/reference/outreach/spectrum_issues_singles/ctbto_spectrum_8/p22_23.pdf

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Widodo S, Iskandar D, Syarbaini S, Bunawas B. development of radionuclide monitoring stations in Indonesia in anticipating the increasing of peaceful uses of nuclear energy in ASEAN Region-an initial assessment. The International Conference on Basic Science 2011; 2011:275.

Bowyer TW. A review of global radioxenon background research and issues. Pure Appl. Geophys. 2020;178:2665–2675. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-020-02440-0

Widodo S, Wahyudi W, Wiyono M, Pudjadi E, Iskandar D, Syarbaini S. Survey of prospective locations for radionuclide monitoring stations in Indonesia; a Preliminary Site Assessment. AIP Conference Proceedings; 2022.

Syarbaini S, Bunawas B, Susila IP. Design and development of carborne survey equipment. Atom Indonesia. 2015;41(2):97–102. https://doi.org/10.17146/aij.2015.383

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