Rickettsioses: Penyakit Tular Vektor yang Terabaikan

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July 7, 2022

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Nova Pramestuti, Kementerian Kesehatan RI; Dyah Widiastuti, Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional; Eva Lestari, Kementerian Kesehatan RI; Ihda Zuyina Ratna Sari , Kementerian Kesehatan RI; Silvia Apriliana, Kementerian Kesehatan RI

DOI: https://doi.org/10.55981/brin.463

Keywords:

rickettsioses, murine typhus, scrub typhus, ektoparasit, pinjal, tungau, chigger, caplak, kutu, spotted fever group, typhus group, tikus, Indonesia

Synopsis

Rickettsioses merupakan salah satu penyakit tular vektor yang kurang menjadi perhatian karena gejalanya tidak spesifik pada fase awal penyakit sehingga sulit dibedakan dengan infeksi lain dan keterbatasan sarana dan prasarana laboratorium untuk konfirmasi diagnosis. Di Indonesia, rickettsioses belum dimasukkan sebagai diagnosis banding untuk deteksi infeksi penyakit lainnya, seperti infeksi dengue, malaria, demam tifoid, dan leptospirosis di fasilitas pelayanan kesehatan, baik di puskesmas maupun rumah sakit. Hadirnya buku ini diharapkan bisa memberikan penjelasan tentang rickettsioses secara komprehensif sehingga informasi yang didapatkan tidak terpotong-potong serta lebih memudahkan dalam mempelajari dan memahaminya. Buku atau sumber sejenis yang membahas topik tentang rickettsioses sudah banyak, tetapi tidak membahas secara komprehensif, bahkan di Indonesia belum ada. Semoga buku ini dapat bermanfaat dan menjadi referensi bagi orang yang berkecimpung dalam bidang parasitologi dan penyakit tropis, peneliti yang mendalami rickettsioses, mahasiswa Program Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis (PPDS) ahli parasitologi, serta mahasiswa fakultas kedokteran dan fakultas kesehatan masyarakat yang ingin mendalami rickettsioses. Selamat membaca!

Author Biographies

Nova Pramestuti, Kementerian Kesehatan RI

Penulis saat ini bekerja di Balai Litbang Kesehatan Banjarnegara. Ia mendapatkan gelar Sarjana Kesehatan Masyarakat dari Universitas Diponegoro Semarang dan Master of Science program studi Ilmu Kedokteran Tropis dari Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta. Karya yang pernah ditulis dalam bidang penyakit tular vektor terutama Rickettsia dengan judul “Evidence of Rickettsia typhi in Rat Fleas of Various Habitat and the Potential Transmission of Murine Typhus in Banjarnegara, Central Java, Indonesia” dan “Detection of Rickettsial Infection Among Febrile Patients in Semarang City”. Penulis dapat dihubungi melalui e-mail: nova.pramestuti87@gmail.com.

Dyah Widiastuti, Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional

Penulis saat ini bekerja di Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional. Ia mendapatkan gelar Sarjana Biologi dari Universitas Diponegoro Semarang dan Master of Science dari Program Studi Ilmu Kedokteran Tropis Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta. Penulis banyak menggeluti bidang penyakit bersumber binatang dan lebih memfokuskan kajiannya pada topik yang berkaitan dengan pemeriksaan laboratorium baik menggunakan pendekatan molekuler maupun imunologi. Beberapa artikel ilmiahnya telah diterbitkan baik di jurnal nasional terakreditasi maupun jurnal internasional. Penulis dapat dihubungi melalui e-mail: umi.azki@gmail.com.

Eva Lestari, Kementerian Kesehatan RI

Penulis saat ini bekerja di Balai Litbang Kesehatan Banjarnegara. Latar belakang pendidikan yaitu Kesehatan Masyarakat dari Universitas Diponegoro Semarang. Fokus penelitian di bidang kesehatan masyarakat dengan kepakaran Epidemiologi dan Biostatistik. Penelitian yang sudah dilakukan seputar penyakit bersumber binatang yaitu demam dengue, malaria, filariasis, leptospirosis dan rickettsioses. Beberapa publikasi yang dihasilkan antara lain: Teknik Serangga Mandul Nyamuk Culex quinquefasciatus sebagai Upaya Pengendalian Vektor Filariasis di Kota Pekalongan (Aspirator Vol. 10 No.1, Juni 2018); Potensi Minyak Atsiri Bunga Lawang (Illicium verum) sebagai Repelen Nyamuk Aedes aegypti (Balaba Vol. 15 No. 1, Juni 2019); dan Hubungan Infestasi Ctenocephalides felis dan Xenopsylla cheopis dengan Perawatan Kucing Rumah (Felis catus) di Kabupaten Banjarnegara (Balaba Vol. 16 No. 2, Desember 2020). Penulis dapat dihubungi melalui e-mail: evalestari.epid@gmail.com.

Ihda Zuyina Ratna Sari, Kementerian Kesehatan RI

Penulis saat ini bekerja di Balai Litbang Kesehatan Banjarnegara. Ia mendapatkan gelar Sarjana dari Fakultas Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta dan Master of Science dari Program Pascasarjana Fakultas Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta. Penulis mempunyai ketertarikan pada penelitian tentang pemanfaatan agensia hayati untuk pengendalian penyakit khususnya penyakit tular binatang/vektor. Penulis dapat dihubungi melalui e-mail: ihda.zuyina.r@gmail.com.

Silvia Apriliana, Kementerian Kesehatan RI

Penulis saat ini bekerja di Balai Litbang Kesehatan Banjarnegara. Ia mendapatkan gelar Sarjana dan Profesi Dokter dari Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta. Penulis mempunyai ketertarikan pada penelitian tentang kesehatan ibu dan anak serta kesehatan reproduksi. Penulis ­dapat dihubungi melalui e-mail: sil.scolast@gmail.com.

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