Pengembangan Nanokomposit Berbasis Nanoselulosa dan Nanokarbon sebagai Material Fungsional

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March 9, 2022

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Rike Yudianti

Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional

DOI: https://doi.org/10.55981/brin.431

Keywords:

Nanokomposit, Nanoselulosa, Nanokarbon, Material Fungsiona

Synopsis

Nanokomposit berbasis nanokarbon berpotensi menghasilkan produk yang lebih inovatif dan unggul. Carbon Nanotube (CNT) merupakan salah satu nanokarbon berstruktur selimut heksagonal karbon dan berbentuk tubular dengan susunan atom karbon paralel dengan arah tubularnya. Keunggulan karakteristik intrinsik dari CNT melahirkan karakteristik unik seperti sifat elektronik, optik, dan magnetik yang tidak ditemukan di nanoselulosa. CNT berukuran 1–100 nm tidak dapat berdiri sendiri sehingga pengembangan nanokomposit menjadi penting dilakukan untuk menghasilkan material dengan sifat baru. Berdasarkan latar belakang permasalahan lingkungan dan energi, serta potensi nanoselulosa dan nanokarbon, pada naskah orasi ini disampaikan pemanfaatan nanokomposit berbasis nanoselulosa dan nanokarbon sebagai material fungsional. Bioselulosa mempunyai potensi besar sebagai kemasan yang ramah lingkungan untuk mengatasi permasalahan sampah plastik yang tidak dapat didegradasi secara alami. Sementara itu, nanokomposit CNT merupakan material fotokatalis dan support elektrokatalis yang dapat digunakan sebagai pengganti carbon black pada sel bahan bakar berbasis polimer. Naskah orasi ini memaparkan perkembangan iptek dan potensi nanoselulosa dan nanokarbon, pengembangan nanokomposit berbasis nanoselulosa dan nanokarbon, serta peluang pemanfaatan nanoselulosa dan nanokarbon di Indonesia, yang akan disampaikan pada Bab II–IV.

Author Biography

Rike Yudianti, Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional

Pernah menduduki jabatan struktural sebagai Kepala Loka Penelitian Teknologi Bersih LIPI (2016–2017) dan Kepala Pusat Penelitian Fisika LIPI (2017−2021), kemudian dilanjutkan menjadi Pelaksana Tugas Kepala Pusat Riset Fisika, Organisasi Riset Ilmu Pengetahuan Teknik BRIN hingga saat ini.Jabatan fungsional peneliti diawali sebagai Asisten Peneliti Madya tahun 1997, Ajun Peneliti Muda 1999, Ajun Peneliti Madya 2004, Peneliti Ahli Madya 2009, dan Peneliti Ahli Utama 2017. Menghasilkan 85 karya tulis ilmiah, baik yang ditulis sendiri maupun bersama penulis lain, dalam bentuk buku, jurnal, prosiding, paten; dan 67 di antaranya dalam bahasa Inggris.
Ikut serta dalam pembinaan kader ilmiah, yaitu pembimbing skripsi (S1) pada Universitas Sumatera Utara, Universitas Islam Nusantara, Institut Teknologi Telkom, dan Universitas Ahmad Dahlan; pembimbingan tesis (S2) pada Institut Teknologi Bandung, Universitas Gajah Mada; pembimbingan disertasi S3 pada Universitas Indonesia, Institut Teknologi Bandung, dan Osaka University.

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