Pemanfaatan Pemodelan dan Simulasi Berbasis Komputasi dalam Pengembangan Reaktor Nuklir

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September 6, 2023

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Ferhat Aziz

Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional (BRIN)

Keywords:

Pemodelan dan simulasi, Komputasi, Reaktor nuklir, Desain neutronik, Fisika teras, Fisika reaktor

Synopsis

Sebagai negara berpopulasi besar, Indonesia memerlukan sumber energi yang besar pula. PLTN yang telah banyak dimanfaatkan negara maju mampu menghasilkan listrik secara efisien sehingga dapat diandalkan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan listrik negara ini. Dengan emisi yang jauh lebih sedikit dibanding sumber energi fosil, penggunaan PLTN dapat mendukung upaya pencapaian target net-zero emission (NZE) pada 2060. Oleh karena itu, penguasaan iptek nuklir harus digiatkan, salah satunya, dengan peningkatan kemampuan dalam pemanfaatan pemodelan dan simulasi berbasis komputasi yang dapat melengkapi pengembangan teori ilmiah dan eksperimen di laboratorium secara lebih akurat, aman, dan selamat.

Orasi ini menerangkan bahwa pemanfaatan pemodelan dan simulasi berbasis komputasi  dapat membantu para pelaku pengembangan iptek reaktor nuklir mendapatkan hasil kegiatannya. Salah satu pemanfaatan tersebut adalah konsep desain reaktor inovatif pembakar limbah nuklir via proses fisi dan transmutasi. Hasil simulasi penulis menunjukkan bahwa satu unit konsep reaktor ini dapat membakar limbah nuklir dengan efisien. Dengan demikian, kemampuan dalam pemodelan dan simulasi berbasis komputasi untuk pengembangan reaktor nuklir diharapkan menjadi modal penting bagi upaya pencapaian target NZE melalui pemanfaatan PLTN. Selanjutnya, pengembangan reaktor nuklir lanjutan pada era Industri 4.0 diperlukan dengan lebih memanfaatkan perkembangan teknologi informasi, seperti AI, khususnya generative AI, dalam rangka memperkuat kesiapan Indonesia menyongsong era PLTN.

Author Biography

Ferhat Aziz, Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional (BRIN)

Menamatkan Sekolah Dasar Negeri No. 47 Palembang tahun 1970; Sekolah Menengah Pertama Xaverius III Palembang, tahun 1973; dan Sekolah Menengah Atas Xaverius I Palembang, tahun 1976. Memperoleh gelar sarjana fisika dari Universitas Indonesia tahun 1982; gelar Master of Science dari Department of Physics, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan, tahun 1986; gelar Master of Science dari Department of Nuclear Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, Amerika Serikat, tahun 1992; dan gelar Doctor of Engineering dalam bidang nuclear engineering dari Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Jepang tahun 1996.


Mengikuti beberapa pelatihan yang terkait dengan bidang kompetensinya, antara lain Training on In-Core Fuel Management di Jakarta (1986); Evaluation of HTGCR Core Performance, JAERI, di Jepang (1999); Workshop on Status of High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGCR) Technology di Trieste, Italia (2003); dan International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Training on Nuclear Power Planning and Public Acceptance di Slovenia dan Slovakia (2010).


Pernah menduduki jabatan struktural di Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional (BATAN) sebelum diintegrasikan ke dalam Badan Riset Inovasi Nasional (BRIN), yaitu sebagai Kepala Subbidang Optimasi dan Sistem Pengendalian, Pusat Pengembangan Informatika (Januari–September 1993); Kepala Bidang Teknologi Reaktor Maju, Pusat Pengembangan Sistem Reaktor Maju (1999–2006); Kepala Biro Kerja Sama, Hukum, dan Hubungan Masyarakat (2006–2012); Deputi Bidang ­Pendayagunaan Hasil Litbang dan Pemasyarakatan Iptek Nuklir (2012–2013); Deputi Bidang Pengembangan Teknologi Daur Bahan Nuklir dan Rekayasa (2013–2014); dan Deputi Bidang Sains dan Aplikasi Teknologi Nuklir (2014–2016).

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