Mikrofasies Batugamping: Studi Batugamping Paleogen-Neogen di Indonesia Bagian Barat

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Published

August 1, 2017

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Sigit Maryanto

Pusat Survei Geologi, Badan Geologi, Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14203/press.384

Keywords:

Petrologi, Mikrofasies, Batugamping

Synopsis

Batugamping yang berumur Paleogen-Neogen tersingkap cukup baik di tiga pulau utama di Indonesia Bagian Barat, yaitu Sumatera, Jawa dan Kalimantan. Hal ini tentu tidak terlepas dari keadaan geologi regional Asia Tenggara pada Paleogen-Neogen, yang mana ketiga pulau ini masih merupakan satu kesatuan, yaitu Dangkalan Sunda. Kesamaan runtunan stratigrafi Neogen di ketiga wilayah ini menghasilkan formasi batugamping yang seumur. Pembahasan mengenai mikrofasies batugamping, dimulai dengan pengertian, konsep dan metode analisis mikrofasies. Pembahasan yang tidak kalah penting adalah pengenalan mengenai batugamping itu sendiri, seperti komponen, tekstur, struktur dan klasifikasi batugamping. Fasies batugamping terbagi menjadi fasies-fasies: cekungan, landaian laut terbuka, tepi landaian dalam, lereng depan, tepi paparan, paparan tertampi, landaian laguna atau paparan terbuka, paparan terbatas, dan paparan penguapan. Sembilan fasies batugamping ini selanjutnya terbagi menjadi dua puluh enam standar mikrofasies, dengan kriteria yang berbeda-beda pada masing-masing standar mikrofasies. Beberapa contoh mikrofasies yang akan dibahas dalam buku ini, antara lain: Formasi Baturaja di Sumatera Selatan, Formasi Rajamandala di Jawa Barat, Formasi Jonggrangan di Yogyakarta, Formasi Sentolo di Yogyakarta, Formasi Wonosari di Jawa Timur, dan Formasi Berai di Kalimantan Selatan.

Author Biography

Sigit Maryanto, Pusat Survei Geologi, Badan Geologi, Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral

Ir. Sigit Maryanto, M.Si. lahir di Sukoharjo, Jawa Tengah, 24 April 1962, dari pasangan Soekir dan Wartini. Pendidikan SD, SMP, dan SMA dia tamatkan di Sukoharjo, kemudian melanjutkan S1 di Jurusan Teknik Geologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada–Yogyakarta dan tamat pada 1987. Pendidikan S2 tamat pada 2007 didapatkan dari Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung. Penulis menikah pada 1990 dengan Endang Retnowulan, dan dikaruniai dua anak, yaitu Debora Tyas Wradiningsih dan Samuel Lantip Wicaksono.

Pada tahun 1988, penulis mulai bekerja di Seksi Petrologi dan Mineralogi, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi (sekarang bernama Pusat Survei Geologi, Badan Geologi, Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral). Lebih dari 50 makalah telah dipublikasikan di berbagai majalah ilmiah berbahasa Indonesia dan Inggris. Sebagian besar tulisannya bertema sedimentologi, stratigrafi, dan petrografi batugamping. Di samping tugas utamanya sebagai pejabat fungsional Peneliti Utama, penulis juga bertindak sebagai anggota asesor laboratorium di Komite Akreditasi Nasional. Selain itu, yang bersangkutan juga aktif sebagai tenaga praktisi di laboratorium sebagai ahli petrografi dan mineragrafi berbagai macam dan jenis batuan, interpreter Difraksi Sinar-X, dan interpreter Analytical Spectral Device.

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