Kontribusi Metode Life Cycle Assessment Biomassa untuk Agroindustri Berkelanjutan

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October 25, 2022

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Anugerah Widiyanto

Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional

DOI: https://doi.org/10.55981/brin.698

Keywords:

LCA, Biomassa, Optmasi, Agroindusri, Life Cycle Assessment , Berkelanjutan

Synopsis

Akhir-akhir ini terlihat meningkatnya perhatian dan penggunaan metode life cycle assessment (LCA) sebagai alat untuk mengevaluasi dampak lingkungan yang potensial dari suatu produk, proses, aktivitas, maupun sistem layanan. Sebuah kajian LCA melibatkan pengumpulan data dan perhitungan untuk mengukur input dan output atau beban lingkungan dari sistem produk yang relevan. Beban lingkungan, disini merupakan sumber daya yang dikonsumsi dan emisi dilepaskan ke lingkungan.

Makalah ini adalah bertujuan untuk memberikan penjelasan dan gambaran singkat tentang metode LCA. Perbedaan antara metode LCA dan perangkat metode analisis lingkungan yang lain dibahas untuk memberikan informasi tentang alternatif pilihan untuk perbaikan kinerja lingkungan dari produk Agroindustri dengan pemanfaatan biomassa. Dalam tulisan ini diuraikan potensi LCA sebagai perangkat/alat untuk analisis lingkungan, dan dibahas kemungkinan aplikasinya untuk meningkatkan daya saing industri Indonesia, khususnya daya saing dibidang Agro-industri indonesia.

Author Biography

Anugerah Widiyanto, Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional

Menamatkan pendidikan Sekolah Dasar (SD) Hang Tuah 1, Tanjung Pinang, pada tahun 1981, pendidikan Sekolah Me­nengah Pertama (SMP) Negeri 77 Jakarta pada tahun 1984 dan Sekolah Menengah Atas (SMA) Negeri 1 Jakarta pada tahun 1987. Pada tahun 1988 mendapatkan beasiswa STMDP-1 BPPT untuk melanjutkan pendidikan Sarjana (S-1) Mechanical and Materials Engineering di Mie University, Jepang , lulus pada tahun 1994. Pada tahun 1999 mendapatkan beasiswa Monbusho untuk melanjutkan studi magister (S-2) Mechanical Engineering di Mie University, Jepang dan lulus tahun 2001. Mendapatkan beasiswa Monbukagakusho untuk melanjutkan studi doktoral (S-3) Systems Engineering di Mie University, Jepang dan lulus pada tahun 2004. Mengikuti beberapa pelatihan yang terkait dengan bidang kompetensinya, antara lain: pelatihan di bidang Thermodynamics, beasiswa dari Monbusho Research Training Program, di Mie University, Jepang (1998). Pelatihan di bidang Energy Systems Design, beasiswa dari Monbusho Research Training Program, di Mie University, Jepang (1998−1999). Post-Doctoral Research di Faculty of Bioresources, Mie University, Jepang (2004−2006). Post-Doctoral Research di Department of Ecological Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Jepang (2006−2008). Post-Doctoral Research di International Cooperation Center for Engineering Education Development (ICCEED), Toyohashi University of Technology, Jepang (2008−2010). Menghasilkan 129 karya tulis ilmiah, baik yang ditulis sendiri maupun berkolaborasi dengan penulis lain. Karya tulis yang dihasilkan terdiri dari 9 buku/bagian dari buku, 22 jurnal internasional, 2 jurnal nasional, 89 prosiding internasional, dan 7 prosiding nasional. Sebanyak 7 naskah ditulis dalam bahasa Indonesia, 84 naskah dalam bahasa Inggris dan 38 naskah dalam bahasa Jepang. Ikut serta dalam pembinaan kader ilmiah, yaitu sebagai pembimbing kader ilmiah peneliti dan perekayasa di BPPT, pembimbing dan penguji mahasiswa S1, S2, dan S3 di Toyohashi University of Technology, Jepang, UNS Surakarta, serta IPB Bogor dan pernah mengajar di Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Jepang. Aktif dalam organisasi profesi ilmiah, antara lain sebagai Anggota the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers (JSME) (1998−2004); the Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan (SCEJ) (2006−2008); dan sebagai anggota Himpunan Peneliti Indonesia (Himpenindo)(2020−sekarang). Menerima tanda Penghargaan the Bronze Poster Award dan the Best Paper Award (2008) dari The Institute of Life Cycle Assessment, Japan; Innovation and Entrepreneurship Award dari Industrial Engineering and Operation Management (IEOM) Society (2021), serta Satyalancana Wirakarya (2013), Penghargaan Satyalancana Karya Satya X Tahun (1999), XX Tahun (2009), dan XXX Tahun (2019) dari Presiden Republik Indonesia.

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Widiyanto A, Kato S, Maruyama N. Assessing the environmental impacts of Indonesian electricity grid system using an LCA method. Proceedings of the 12th annual meeting of Japan Institute of Energy 2003, Sapporo, Japan, July 30-31, 2003: 422-423.

Widiyanto A, Kato S, Maruyama N. Evaluation of Indonesian’s grid electricity system from A Life Cycle Assessment point of view. Proceedings of International Conference on Efficiency, Costs, Optimization and Environmental Aspects of Energy and Process Systems 2003 (ECOS 2003), Copenhagen, Denmark, June 30 – July 2, 2003: Vol. 1: 521-528.

Widiyanto A, Kato S, Maruyama N. Optimizing selection of appropriate power generation systems in Indonesia by using Distance Based Approach method. Journal of Energy Resources and Technology, Transaction of the ASME. 2004; 126(1): 63-71.

Widiyanto A, Kato S, Maruyama N. Environmental impact analysis of Indonesian electric generation systems (Development of a Life Cycle Inventory of Indonesian electricity). JSME International Journal Series B-Fluids and Thermal Engineering. 2003; 46(4): 650-659.

Widiyanto A. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Consolidated Evaluation of Indonesian Electricity Generation Systems. Mie University Press; 2004.

Kato S, Widiyanto A, Maruyama N. Power plant design optimized from environmental and economical aspects. Proceedings of the 40th National Heat Transfer Symposium of Japan 2003, Hiroshima, Japan, May 28-30, 2003: 105-108.

Widiyanto A. Life Cycle Analysis as a tool for industrial policy assessment: Evaluation of power generation systems. Jakarta: BPPT Press; 2018.

Tachibana R, Atsuta Y, Widiyanto A, Kamahara H, Goto N, Arakawa M, Funatsu K, Fujie K. AB-NET for optimal biomass network design (in Japanese). Journal of Society of Environmental Science, Japan. 2009; 22(4): 257-269.

Othman H, Mohammed AT, Dolmat MT. Bunch ash: An efficient and cost-effective K fertilizer source for mature oil palm on peat under high rainfall environment, MPOB Information Series. 2005; No.254, 4pp.

van Kraalingen DWG, Breure CJ, Spitters CJT. Simulation of oil palm growth and yield, Agricultural and forest Meteorology. 1989; 46: 227-244.

Khamis A, Ismail Z, Haron K, Mohammed AT. Nonlinear growth models for modeling oil palm yield growth, Journal of mathematics and statistics. 2005; 1(3): 225-233.

Aggarwal PK, Kalra N, Chander S, Pathak. A dynamic simulation model for the assessment of crop yields, losses due to pests, and environmental impact of agro-ecosystems in tropical environments. I. Model description, Agricultural systems. 2006; 89: 1-25.

Tohiruddin L, Prabowo NE, Foster HL. Comparison of the response of oil palm fertilisers at different locations in north and south Sumatra. Proceedings of International Oil Palm Conference 2006, Nusa Dua, Bali, 2006; 188-200.

Fauzi Y, Widyastuti YE, Satyawibawa I, Hartono R. Kelapa Sawit: Budi Daya, Pemanfaatan Hasil & Limbah, Analisis Usaha & Pemasaran. Penerbit Swadaya. Jakarta. 2006; p. 159.

Tachibana R, Fujie K, Atsuta Y, Widiyanto A, Kamahara H, Goto N, Arakawa M, Funatsu K. Development of “AB-NET” for Optimal biomass network design (in Japanese). Proceedings of Japan Society of Environmental Science, Annual Meeting 2008, Tokyo, Japan, September 18-19, 2008.

Kamahara H, Widiyanto A, Tachibana R, Atsuta Y, Goto N, Daimon H, Fujie K. Greenhouse gas balance on life cycle of biodiesel: A case of palm biodiesel production in Indonesia. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Ecobalance, Tokyo, Japan, December 10-12, 2008: 741-744.

Atsuta Y, Widiyanto A, Kamahara H, Tachibana R, Udin H, Daimon H, Goto N, Fujie K. Evaluation of palm mill industry based on material and energy flow analysis in Indonesia. Proceedings of the 15th Asian Symposium on Ecotechnology (ASET15), Kanazawa, Japan October 18-19, 2008: Paper No. P-79.

Tachibana R, Kamahara H, Widiyanto A, Atsuta Y, Daimon H, Goto N, Fujie K. Development of numerical simulation model of Oil Palm Yield in tropical plantation (in Japanese). Proceedings of the 73rd Annual Meeting of the Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan, 2008, Hamamatsu, Japan, March 17-19, 2008.

Kamahara H, Widiyanto A, Atsuta Y, Tachibana R, Daimon H, Goto N, Fujie K. Evaluation and modeling of energy balance in Bio-Diesel-Fuel/BDF import of palm oil origin from Indonesia (in Japanese). Proceedings of the 73rd Annual Meeting of the Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan, 2008, Hamamatsu, Japan, March 17-19, 2008.

Tachibana R, Kamahara H, Atsuta Y, Widiyanto A, Daimon H, Goto N, Fujie K. Evaluation of emerging efficient management method for soil sustainability in Oil Palm plantation (in Japanese). Proceedings of 8th Nature Restoration and Conservation Symposium 2007, Tokyo, Japan, December 12, 2007.

Atsuta Y, Widiyanto A, Tachibana R, Daimon H, Goto N, Fujie K. Evaluation of agriculture wastes utilization concerning energy independence of Agro-industry in Indonesia (in Japanese). Proceedings of the 39th Autumn Meeting of the Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan, 2007, Sapporo, Japan, September 9-13, 2007: 329.

Widiyanto A, Taufik TA. Life Cycle Engineering as a tool for policy assessment on sustainable biomass utilization program in Indonesia. Proceedings of the 7th Biomass Asia Worshop. Jakarta, November 29 – December 1, 2010.

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