A Guide to the Ants of Jambi (Sumatra, Indonesia): Identification Key to Ant Genera and Images of the EFForTS collection

Screenshot 2024-02-02 091805



November 30, 2021


Rizky Nazarreta, IPB University; Damayanti Buchori, IPB University; Yoshiaki Hashimoto, Associate Professor at the Institute of Natural and Environmental Sciences, University of Hyogo and Chief curator in Entomology at the Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo, Japan; Purnama Hidayat, IPB University; Stefan Scheu, University of Göttingen, Germany; Jochen Drescher, University of Göttingen, Germany

DOI: https://doi.org/10.55981/brin.273


ants, rainforest, sumatra


Ants are tiny creatures that are often overlooked in our everyday lives. Yet, there are more than 15.000 species of ants on Earth, and their total biomass is higher than that of all humans combined. They invented agriculture more than 50 million years ago, turn more soil than earthworms, can lift 5,000 times their body weight, and can form supercolonies that span across continents. With the third largest tropical forest in the world, Indonesia is home to thousands of ant species, many of them unknown to science. This book documents more than 300 ant species that were found in rainforests and agroforestry of Jambi Province, Sumatra, and includes a recently updated Identification Key to the ant genera of Southeast Asia. Studying this book will bring you closer to our planet’s fascinating diversity, and the little things that run our world. This book will be a great starting point for those who want to know more about the ants of Southeast Asia, as well as a valuable resource for scientists and
students studying ants this part of the world. All in all, this book is a compendium of the ants of Jambi, Sumatra, and embodies a starting point for further ant research in Indonesia.

Author Biographies

Damayanti Buchori, IPB University

Damayanti Buchori is a lecturer at the Department of Plant Protection, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia. She is also Head of the Biological Control Laboratory at the Department of Plant Protection and Head of Center for Transdisciplinary and Sustainability Sciences (CTSS) at IPB University. D. Buchori began her bachelor’s education in the Department of Pest and Plant Diseases, IPB University, Indonesia, in 1984 and received her master’s degree from the Entomology Department, University of Illinois, USA in 1989. In 1993, she received her PhD from the Biology Department, Indiana University, USA. She holds a Professor of Entomology and Plant Pests since 2014. Her research interest lies in the interphase of conservation-agricultural issues with special focus on insect diversity and land use change, biological control, pollination ecology, and sustainability sciences. She is also active in work related to science-based policies.
E-mail: damayanti@apps.ipb.ac.id

Yoshiaki Hashimoto, Associate Professor at the Institute of Natural and Environmental Sciences, University of Hyogo and Chief curator in Entomology at the Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo, Japan

Yoshiaki Hashimoto is an Associate Professor at the Institute of Natural and Environmental Sciences, University of Hyogo and Chief curator in Entomology at the Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo, Japan. He received his PhD from Kobe University, Japan, in 1991, and has been studying the biodiversity of ants in tropical forests of Southeast Asia ever since. From 2002 to 2007, Y. Hashimoto trained scientific staff of the Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation, University Malaysia Sabah, in general ecology and taxonomy, as part of the Program for Bornean Biodiversity and Ecosystems Conservation of the Japanese International Cooperation Agency. Recently, the Ministry of Environment, Japan, has placed Y. Hashimoto in charge of control studies of alien ants in Japan, especially the Red Imported Fire Ant Solenopsis invicta.
E-mail: yoshiaki@hitohaku.jp

Purnama Hidayat, IPB University

Purnama Hidayat is a lecturer at the Division of Entomology, Department of Plant Protection, IPB University, Indonesia. He is also the Head of Insect Teaching and Research Collection in the department. P. Hidayat received his Bachelor degree from the Department of Plant Protection, IPB University, Indonesia, in 1985. In 1992, he was awarded his master’s degree at the Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA, where he also earned his Doctorate degree in 1996. P. Hidayat’s research interests are insect biodiversity and taxonomy, especially insects relevant to agriculture. He is also interested in integrated management of agricultural pests.
E-mail: phidayat@apps.ipb.ac.id

Stefan Scheu, University of Göttingen, Germany

Stefan Scheu is Professor of Animal Ecology and Head of the Animal Ecology Group, JFB-Institute for Zoology and Anthropology, University of Göttingen, Germany. He earned his Diploma in Biology in 1986 and his PhD in 1989 both at the University of Göttingen. He then continued as Postdoc at the JFB-Institute for Zoology and Anthropology, University of Göttingen and at the University of Calgary, Canada. In 1997 he was appointed as Professor of Zoology and Ecology at Darmstadt University of Technology, Germany. Since 2008, he holds the Chair in Animal Ecology at the University of Göttingen. He is interested in the diversity, ecology and evolution of soil animals, decomposer communities, rhizosphere ecology, and food web ecology.
E-mail: sscheu@gwdg.de

Jochen Drescher, University of Göttingen, Germany

Jochen Drescher is a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Animal Ecology, University of Göttingen, Germany. He started his studies at the RWTH Aachen, Germany, in 1999, and received his Diploma in Biology from the Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, Würzburg University, Germany, in 2006. He completed his PhD at the same department in 2011 after extensive field studies on the Yellow Crazy Ant Anoplolepis gracilipes in Borneo. After an interim position at the Department of Animal Ecology I, Bayreuth University, Germany, he joined the EFForTS project at the University of Göttingen in 2012. J. Drescher is interested in canopy arthropods in general, and all myrmecological matters in particular.
E-mail: jdresch@gwdg.de


Alpert, G. (2014). Technomyrmex wheeleri [Online image]. AntWiki. https://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Technomyrmex_wheeleri.

AntWeb. (2020, August 5). Country: Indonesia. https://www.antweb.org/country.do?name=Indonesia

Bolton, B. (1994). Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Harvard University Press.

Borowiec, M. (2013). CASENT0106328 Euprenolepis procera [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0106328.

Borowiec, M. (2013). CASENT0106280 Carebara pygmaea [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0106280.

Drescher, J., Rembold, K., Allen, K., Beckschäfer, P., Buchori, D., Clough, Y., Faust, H., Fauzi, A.M., Gunawan, D., Hertel, D., Irawan, B., Jaya, I.N.S., Klarner, B., Kleinn, C., Knohl, A., Kotowska, M.M., Krashevska, V., Krishna, V., Leuschner, C., Lorenz, W., Meijide, A., Melati, D., Nomura, M., Pérez-Cruzado, C., Qaim, M., Siregar, I.Z., Steinebach, S., Tjoa, A., Tscharntke, T., Wick, B., Wiegand, K., Kreft, H., & Scheu, S. (2016). Ecological and socio-economic functions across tropical land use systems after rainforest conversion. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 371(1694). https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0275.

Ericson, W. (2012). CASENT0901893 Camponotus festinus [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0901893.

Ericson, W. (2013). CASENT0903250 Myrmoteras estrudae [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0903250.

Ericson, W. (2013). CASENT0904185 Aphaenogaster feae [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0904185.

Ericson, W. (2013). CASENT0905765 Pheidole ghigii [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0905765.

Ericson, W. (2013). CASENT0904246 Pheidole huberi [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0904246.

Ericson, W. (2013). CASENT0907889 Pheidole huberi [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0907889.

Ericson, W. (2013). CASENT0907990 Pheidole rabo [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0907990.

Ericson, W. (2013). CASENT0907989 Pheidole rabo [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0907989.

Ericson, W. (2013). CASENT0902835 Tetraponera polita [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0902835.

Fayle, T. M., Yusah, K. & Hashimoto, Y. (2014). Key to the ant genera of Borneo in English and Malay. Retrieved May 1, 2020, from https://www.tomfayle.com/Ant%20key.htm.

Gouyon, A., de Foresta, H., & Levang, P. (1993). Does ‘jungle rubber’ deserve its name? An analysis of rubber agroforestry systems in Southeast Sumatra. Agroforestry System, 22, 181–206. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00705233.

Hashimoto, Y. (2003). Identification guide to ant genera of Borneo. In Y. Hashimoto & H. Rahman (Eds.), Inventory & Collection – Total protocol for understanding of biodiversity (pp. 89-162). Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sabah and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

Hölldobler, B., & Wilson, E. O. (1990). The ants. Harvard University Press.

Hölldobler, B., & Wilson, E. O. (2009). The superorganism – The beauty, elegance, and strangeness of insect societies. W. W. Norton & Company.

Keller, L., & Gordon, É. (2009). The lives of ants. Oxford University Press.

Lazarus, A. (2013). CASENT0282388 Pheidole aristotelis [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0282388.

Lazarus, A. (2013). CASENT0219465 Pheidole aristotelis [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0219465.

Lieberman, Z. (2013). CASENT0904268 Pheidole ghigii [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0904268.

Lieberman, Z. (2014). CASENT0914657 Recurvidris kemneri [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0914657.

Nobile, A. (2008). CASENT0103251 Nylanderia bourbonica [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0103251.

Ortega, E. (2012). CASENT0281714 Pheidole plagiaria [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0281714.

Ortega, E. (2012). CASENT0281725 Pheidole tjibodana [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0281725.

Ortega, E. (2012). CASENT0281684 Pheidole upeneci [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0281684.

Ortega, E. (2012). CASENT0281874 Tetraponera nodosa [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0281874.

Perry, R. (2012). CASENT0901637 Pheidole jacobsoni [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0901637.

Potapov, A., Sandmann, D., & Scheu, S. (2019). Ecotaxonomy virtual research environment – Traits and species. Ecotaxonomy. http://ecotaxonomy.org.

Steiner, F. (2018, June 15). How many ant species are there on earth?. Myrmecological News Blog. https://blog.myrmecologicalnews.org/2018/06/15/how-many-ant-species-are-there-on-earth/.

Tawatao, N. (2010). CASENT0179657 Pheidole submonticola [Online image]. AntWeb. https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0179657.

Williams, J. L. (2016). Prenolepis subopaca worker USNMENT00755090 [Online image]. Zenodo. https://zenodo.org/record/182078#.YIIq_OgzbDf.

Scroll to Top